Phragmites australis - Common Reed
Phragmites australis - Common Reed is a vigorous reed able to grow to 3m in height. A fast growing plant able to form an extensive colony of erect stems. It forms extensive, yellow-brown reedbeds in wetlands across the UK which are important habitats for birds, including rare and threatened species. It grows from creeping underground stems and flowers from August to October.
The common reed is also one of the main wetland plants used in phytoremediation water treatment. This process filters water through the root system to remove toxic substances or excess nutrients. This process is often used to clean up contaminated ground water through planting directly in the contaminated site or through removing the contaminated water and providing it to these plants in an off-site location.