Conifers

At Cheviot Trees in the Scottish Borders, we grow conifer species to suit all planting objectives from commercial timber production, to small woodland and Christmas tree production.

For quality timber production we grow from a wide range of Selected & Improved seed sources. We also grow local provenance seed sources for native or conservation planting projects.

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  • Abies alba - European Silver Fir

    £1.50
    from £0.66

    Abies alba - Silver fir is a long-living conifer upright-growing evergreen conifer with dark green needles that are silver underneath. The yellow-green cones which appear in late spring are cylindrical in shape and ripen to brown.

    The strong, lightweight timber is mainly used for construction, furniture, plywood and pulpwood. Young trees are also popular as Christmas trees. Ecologically, the tree is important for maintaining high biodiversity in forested areas. The tree’s deep taproots offering stability, alongside its easily biodegradable needle litter, are key in the establishment and management of silvicultural systems.

    Silver fir is shade-tolerant and able to act as a “seedling bank” under the canopy of older dominant trees for decades.

  • Abies fraserii - Fraser Fir

    £1.50
    from £0.66

    Abies fraserii - Fraser Fir is a fast growing, large evergreen with dark green needles that have a silver grey underside.

    Originally from the USA, this species is most frequently planted in the UK for Christmas tree crops as it has a dense, busy habit when young. Fraser Fir has a narrower and more compact shape than Nordmann Fir so is often suited to smaller rooms in houses if it is grown to then be supplied as a cut Christmas tree.

    We grow several other species of cell grown conifers which are all suited for Christmas tree production.

  • Abies grandis - Grand Fir

    £1.50
    from £0.66

    Abies grandis - Grand Fir is a very large and stately evergreen conifer that has a very fast rate of growth.

    It is one of several north west American species discovered by the well known plant hunter, David Douglas who sent seeds back to the UK in 1831.

    Needles are dark green and grooved on top with two white bands. A very shade tolerant species that is ideally suited for underplanting in continuous cover forestry but it is equally as impressive when grown as a specimen tree.

  • Abies nobilis - Noble Fir

    £1.50
    from £0.66

    Abies nobilis - Noble Fir is a well regarded evergreen conifer that has a very high tolerance of exposure and it is often planted in the uplands.

    It is one of several north west American species discovered by the well known plant hunter, David Douglas who sent seeds back to the UK in 1831.

    Needles are blue grey in colour and are upcurved. A popular species for Christmas tree production due to its steady growth, attractive shape, good needle retention qualities and desirable foliage colour.

    We grow several other species of cell grown conifers which are all suited for Christmas tree production.

  • Abies nordmanniana - Nordman Fir

    £1.50
    from £0.66

    Abies nordmanniana - Nordman Fir is the best selling species for Christmas tree production.

    It has luscious soft dark green needles, a symmetrical shape, and excellent needle retention qualities.

    We grow several other species of cell grown conifers which are all suited for Christmas tree production.

  • Cedrus atlantica - Atlas Cedar

    £1.75
    from £0.87

    Cedrus atlantica - Atlas Cedar is a large evergreen conifer with silvery blue needles. The branches are horizontal and stiff.

    Native to Morocco and Algeria in the Atlas Mountains where it is often grown as a pure stand. It is the only African tree that thrives in the UK, and most of the plants that we produce are used by our customers in the Southern and Eastern areas of the UK, as it is capable of withstanding periods of drought once established.

    It produces strong and durable timber that is renowned for its strong and persistent fragrance.

    Learn more about Atlas Cedar by reading our factsheet.

  • Cryptomeria japonica - Japanese Red Cedar

    £1.50
    from £0.66

    Cryptomeria japonica - Japanese Red Cedar is a large evergreen tree with green, dense foliage that turns bronze in Winter. 

    Introduced into Britain in 1879, the Japanese Red Cedar has demonstrated its ability to produce a yield that is comparable to other commonly used conifers in the UK such as Douglas Fir & Western Red Cedar.  It’s expansion into UK is likely to be in areas with a warm, moist maritime climate such as W. Scotland, Wales and SW England.

    There is limited experience of processing the timber in the UK but in its native range it is highly regarded as a major construction timber and is also often used in exterior, ground contact applications as the timber has good natural durability.

    Learn more on this Fact Sheet.

  • Cuppressocyparis leylandii - Leylandii

    £3.00
    from £1.43

    Leylandii is a large evergreen conifer that is most commonly utilised for hedging or screening purposes.

    Tough, Fast growing and tolerant of most conditions.

    The foliage is dense, dark green in colour and flat in shape. We also produce Golden Leylandii.

    If you are planting for hedging/screening you may also wish to consider Western Red Cedar. This species is equally as fast growing but has a tighter shape and a richer shade of green.

  • Cupressocyparis leylandii Castlewellan Gold -...

    £3.00
    from £1.43

    Cupressocypairs leylandii Castlewellan Gold - Golden leylandii is a large evergreen conifer that is most commonly utilised for hedging or screening purposes.

    Tough, Fast growing and tolerant of most conditions.

    The new growth is strikingly golden yellow in colour. We also produce Green Leylandii.

    If you are planting for hedging/screening you may also wish to consider Western Red Cedar. This species is equally as fast growing but has a tighter shape and a richer shade of green.

  • Juniperus communis - Common Juniper

    £2.75
    from £1.21

    Juniperus communis - Juniper is a small evergreen conifer that is native to the UK.

    Small green needles with a prickly point. Juniper is dioecious so the male and female flowers grown on separate plants.  Once pollinated by wind the female flowers develop into fleshy purple berries.

    The berries are popular for flavouring gin but they are equally favoured birds who eat the berries. Juniper is also an important habitat for small mammals and nesting birds due the dense cover that it provides.

  • Larix decidua - European Larch

    £1.20
    from £0.48

    Larix decidua - European larch is one of the few deciduous conifers.

    It has a lot to offer. It is tough and robust, provides strong durable timber and offers fantastic landscape value in the Autumn when its foliage changes to a golden yellow colour.

    Its native range is the mountainous regions in Central and Eastern Europe where it grows well at high elevations. It has grown successfully in the UK since it was introduced in the early 17th century.

    The timber is noted for its hardness, strength, and natural durability so it is often used for exterior purposes. The seeds are a tasty treat for red squirrels!

    We also produce Hybrid Larch.

  • Larix x eurolepis - Hybrid Larch

    £1.20
    from £0.48

    Hybrid Larch is a cross between European Larch and Japanese larch. It is hardier and has a faster growth rate than its parents.

    Larch has a lot to offer. It is tough and robust, provides strong durable timber and offers fantastic landscape value in the Autumn when its foliage changes to a golden yellow colour.

    Its native range is the mountainous regions in Central and Eastern Europe where it grows well at high elevations. It has grown successfully in the UK since it was introduced in the early 17th century.

    The timber is noted for its hardness, strength, and natural durability so it is often used for exterior purposes.

    The seeds are a tasty treat for red squirrels!

    We also produce European Larch.