At Cheviot Trees in the Scottish Borders, we grow a wide range of broadleaves, to suit all planting objectives, from commercial timber production, to small woodland and conservation planting, hedging and shelterbelts.
Grown from both productive and local provenance seed sources we have plants to meet all requirements.
Quercus Ilex - Holm Oak is an evergreen tree which is offers all year round colour. A good parkland tree and also useful for hedging or screening.
Whilst not native to the UK it still supports plenty of wildlife and is a great source of winter shelter for birdlife.
Oval dark green leaves which tend to be spiny, almost holly like when they are young. Elongated yellow catkins are produced in the summer which once pollinated by wind develop into acorns.
Quercus petraea - Sessile Oak is similar to English Oak although it prefers wetter upland areas. One of the most economically and ecologically important trees species in Europe.
Sessile Oak is a large deciduous tree with a broad spreading crown.
The stalked leaves have 4-5 deep lobes and stalkless acorns.
Sessile Oak is long lived so it makes a great choice for avenues and specimen tree planting.
Quercus robur - Pedunculate Oak is an iconic species that supports more life than any other tree species in the UK. One of the most economically and ecologically important trees species in Europe.
Pedunculate (or English) Oak is a large deciduous tree with a broad spreading crown. The stalkless leaves have 4-5 deep lobes and the acorns grow on stalks or ‘peduncules’, hence the name.
Pedunculate Oak prefers lowland areas whereas Sessile Oak prefers wetter upland areas.
To protect and aid establishment of Pedunculate Oak you may wish to consider Tubex Combitube which is a ventilated shelter that provides an open, airy environment for producing Oak.
Quercus rubra -Red Oak; its claim to fame is its fiery Autumn foliage colour. Native to North America but widely planted in the UK since its introduction in the 1700’s. The timber has less value than its native cousin’s but it is still an aesthetically pleasing firewood crop or it can be used as a parkland tree.
The leaves are similar in shape and size to the native Oaks but they are more pointed and spiked in appearance.
A fast growing species with a strong central leader. Red Oak doesn’t support as many species of wildlife as our native Oaks but it is still a popular choice with nesting birds and pollinators.
Salix aurita - Eared Willow is more shrub like than tree, growing only to around 2.5m height. Commonly found as part of a montane scrub community but also within damp woods or on heathland. Very tolerant of exposure.
It is native to most of Europe but most commonly found throughout the West of Scotland and as far north as Shetland. Deciduous with small crinkled green leaves that are slightly hairy especially the underside of the leaf. Named the eared willow due to persistent stipules which are at the base of the leaf stalk.
Salix caprea -Goat Willow is a small, native deciduous tree which has a wide range throughout the UK. Commonly known as the Pussy willow as the male catkins have the appearance of a cats paw.
Goat willow is a very valuable species. Useful as a windbreak or shelterbelt plus good for preventing soil erosion. It has a taller eventual height than Grey willow.
This species is one of our first native trees to flower in the spring and it provides a high quantity of quality pollen and nectar food source to insects and birds such as the difficult to find regal purple emperor butterfly.
Salix cinerea - Grey willow or sallow is a small, native deciduous tree with an eventual height taller than Eared willow but shorter than Goat willow. Common across much of the UK often growing in wet habitats. It is a very tough species and thrives on poor, neglected ground.
Deciduous with oval like green leaves and silky grey catkins that appear in January and turn yellow in March.
As with most willow, it has a very high ecological value and provides a valuable source of nectar for bees and birds.
Salix viminalis - Common Osier is very large shrub or a small tree. Extremely fast growing in damp soil so good for producing fast growing woody biomass or to produce a loose windbreak or large screen.
It is deciduous with long slender green leaves that appear after the flowers. Functional for many purposes including biomass, willow weaving and coppice wood plus it is a good source of food and shelter for wildlife. Very easy to grow!
Sorbus aria - Whitebeam is a native tree with a compact, domed habit. Ideal for planting as part of a mixed woodland, as a hedgerow tree or in a parkland setting.
The main attraction is its large, rounded thick leaves which are almost white on the underside which then turn a russet brown in the Autumn. Five petalled cream-white flowers appear in clusters in the Spring which then go on to produce scarlet red berries which are often eaten by birds.
Sorbus aucuparia - Rowan is commonly referred to as Mountain Ash due to its ability to grow in high altitude locations. A showy native deciduous tree which offers interesting flowers, foliage and fruit.
Rowan has green pinnate leaflets that are long, oval and toothed. Expect a colourful performance in the Autumn with fiery hues of red, orange and yellow.
Clusters of creamy white flowers in summer which once pollinated form bundles of red berries. Both flowers and berries are an indulgent treat for wildlife; the flowers provide pollen and nectar for bees and the berries are good autumn sustenance for birds.
Sorbus torminalis - Wild Service Tree is probably one of the rarest native species in our range and is often associated with ancient woodlands. Worth considering as a hedgerow tree.
A medium sized deciduous tree that is often mistaken for a maple due to its leaf shape and interesting autumn colour which turns bright red and copper.
Clusters of white spring flowers which once pollinated form small brown fruits that are enjoyed by birds.
Sometimes called the ’Chequer Tree’ probably due to the chequered pattern on the bark and the Prime Ministers official country home is named after it!
Tilia cordata - Small Leaved Lime is a large and long lived tree which is native to the UK and most of Europe. Well known and widely utilised as a parkland or avenue trees but also frequently planted as a component in a mixed woodland setting.
Deciduous heart shaped leaves which are glossy green on top and paler underneath turning a clear yellow in the Autumn.
In summer, small but very fragrant creamy white flowers are borne in clusters.